What Is IP Address and How to Find It?

Many people don't know the difference among the public IP, Private IP, and Router IP address. Even many of them asked themselves, "what is my IP address" or "where is my IP address". Here are the answers for those questions along with differences of various IP addresses.

What Is Public IP: 
This is the IP address of your computer or network that is visible to the internet. If you need to direct incoming connections to your computer from the internet, you'll need your public IP address. Common uses for public IP addresses include setting up a game server, a proxy server, or an FTP server.

What Is Private IP:
This is the IP address of a device on your network. Every device that is connected to your network will have its own IP address. This allows the router to transmit the proper information to the correct device. Your private IP address is not visible from the internet.

What Is Router IP/Default Gateway:
This is the IP address of your network router. This address will allow you to access your router's configuration page. The router's IP address is the base of all of your network devices' private IP addresses.

==> How to Find the Public IP Address:
It is very easy to find the public IP address using google.

—> Go to Google.
—> Enter "My IP".
—> And your public address will be shown.

==> How to Find Router's IP Address/ Default Gateway on Mac:
—> Click on the 'Apple' menu.
—> Select "System Preferences".
—> Click on the "Network" option.
—> Select your network adapter. The connected adapter will have a green indicator.
—> Find the "Router" entry.
   This IP address is the router's IP address.

==> How to Find Router's IP Address/Default Gateway on Windows:
—> Click on 'Windows' button.
-> Search for "cmd", and click on it. It launches Command Prompt.
—> Type "ipconfig" (without quotes) and click Enter.
—> Find the Default Gateway entry for the active adapter. Search for the network adapter you are using currently by checking the title. The default gateway entry will desplay the router's IP address.
   * If the adapter is not connected, it will display Media disconnected.

==> How to Find the Private IP Address on Windows:
—> Click on the "Start" button.
—> Search for "cmd" and click.
—> Type "ipconfig" and press Enter.
—> Find the active network adapter.
—> Look at the IPv4 address; it shows the private IP adress.

==> How to Find the Private IP Address on Mac:
—> Click on the "Apple" menu and select "Syetm Preferences":
   It will open the System Preferences menu.
—> Click on the "Network" option. Then, a window will appear with network adapters listed on the list.
—> Choose the active adapter. Generally, the active adapter will be selected automatically. But if you have multiple adapters, choose the one you want to know the IP address. If there are no networks, the indicator will be red.
—> Your Mac's private IP adress will be listed in the the "IP Address" entry.
* On the older versions of the OS X, you will need to click on the "TCP/IP" tab at the od the window to see the "IP Address" entry.

==> How to Find the Private IP Address on iPhone:
—> Open the Settings app.
—> Tap "Wi-Fi": It will display a list of wireless networks.
—> Tap the ? button next to the wireless network. It will open the details for the wireless network you are connected to.
—> Find the IP Address entry. It will display your iPhone's IP address usually at the top of the list.

==> How to Find Your Private IP Address on Android:
—> Click on the "Settings" app.
—> Tap "Wi-Fi" and choose "Advanced".
—> At the bottom of the Advanced menu, IP address will be shown.

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